|论文名称||Eye movement indices of memory reveal re-processing of visual information: Evidence from Chinese characters|
|卷数||DOI: 10.1080/13506285.2018.1502225 (SSCI)|
|摘要||This study examined the nature of the memory effect revealed in eye movements. Chinese characters were processed visually, phonologically or semantically during the study phase. The proportion of viewing time during the subsequent recognition test was compared between characters associated with different types of encoding. To eliminate the influence of response selection on eye movements, participants were asked to select the unstudied character and make the selection after the viewing period ended. Results showed that the proportion of viewing time in the recognition test was larger for visually encoded characters than it was for
semantically (Experiment 1) and phonologically encoded (Experiment 3) characters, even after the participants had presumably made the decision. Moreover, there was no significant difference in the proportion of viewing time between phonologically and semantically encoded characters (Experiment 2). These findings suggest that the viewing time change in eye
movements during the recognition test is an obligatory consequence of re-processing the visual information encoded during the study phase.